From "Howdie's Theories":
Some people believe that intelligence is innate. You are either gifted or you aren’t. Smart is a property of who you are. Others believe intelligence is malleable.
The first crowd is scared of tasks that cause hard work because expending effort implies you are dumb. If your intelligence is innate, and you want to be intelligent, then you will tempted to be defensive about the state of your intelligence. Not only will you tend to avoid tasks from which you could learn (because the effort expended might make you look/feel dumb) but you may also handicap yourself from success by purposely not putting forth all of your effort. If you tried and failed, but didn’t really care, then you cannot be faulted for being dumb.
I've always thought of it like this:
"Intelligence" is what you have; "smarts" is how you use it.
A person can have a very high IQ, score high in standardized tests, but have so little skill at applying that brain power that he/she ends up being not-very-smart.
on the other hand...
A person can have a very average IQ, hate standardized testing, but have so much "common sense" that she/he grows to be one of the wisest people around.
It's not what you've got...it's how you use it.
This being Independence Day...
The British military was the pride of the king. One of the most feared on earth. Well trained, well supplied...and up against the colonies.
Admittedly they were far from home...but they were fighting a "home-grown" militia.
Well-trained and skilled members of the military up against farmers who would grab their hunting rifles in a minutes notice.
The "red-coats", using time-honored military "intelligence"
The "militia", using ad-hoc "sneaky" techniques.
It's not what you've got, it's how you use it.
(This post is set for all comments to be moderated until I return from vacation)