I've responded to this war a number of times: the word "religion" has a definition,

1: a personal set or institutionalized system of religious attitudes, beliefs, and practices

2 a(1) : the service and worship of God or the supernatural

(2) : commitment or devotion to religious faith or observance

It's not that hard to figure out, but many Christians don't seem to like the word "religion." EWWW...that's religious. It's a relationship, not a religion and on and on. I think that Christianity is the only religion that has a problem with the word religion.

If you care to ask, and they care to tell, if you probe into what the actually mean when they hear "religious" it end up being some sort of legalism.

I read a new term today!

I'm reading "Natural Theology" by Geerhardus Vos - the book is in a question/answer format and close to the end, question #187 is "Can the will be excluded from religion? The new term is in the answer"

No, what distinguishes all pure religion from an unhealthy 'pietism' is that it works on the will and brings it into sound motion...

There is it!

Unhealthy pietism.

I think I could put it this way: Pietism is to piety as sanctimonious is to sanctification.

What is that thing on your head?

If you were reading this - something that would disgrace a man or woman - would you not want to know what that "thing" was?

Every man who etwas auf dem kopf  while praying or prophesying disgraces his head. But every woman who ihren kopf unbedeckt  while praying or prophesying disgraces her head, for she is one and the same as the woman [c]whose kopf ist rasiert.

1 Corinthians 11:4,5 - with certain words in a different language

(NOTE: this post does not intend to exegete the passage, only to present questions that I asked myself, and give food for thought)

What if I'm wrong?

What if I'm wrong about head coverings? Unless I'm trying to bind the conscience of others, the worst that could happen is that I wore a thing on my head that I didn't have to.

What if I'm right?

What if I'm right and I don't cover? The worst thing would be to disgrace my head, my husband and by extension...Christ.

What did the earliest Christian writers believe that Paul meant?

Irenaeus was a student of Polycarp (who had been taught by the Apostle John and most likely knew Paul) wrote: A woman ought to have a veil upon her head, because of the angels. Irenaeus (A.D. 180), Ante-Nicene Fathers, vol. 1, pg.327. Obviously, Irenaeas knew that Paul was talking about a fabric, removable cover.

What about later?

What did the majority of Christian writers for the next 1850 years (AD100 - 1950 or so) - I'll give one sample.

- Spurgeon~~“Do you think you and I have sufficiently considered that we are always looked upon by angels, and that they desire to learn by us the wisdom of God? The reason why our sisters appear in the House of God with their heads covered is ‘because of the angels’. The apostle says that a woman is to have a covering upon her head, because of the angels, since the angels are present in the assembly and they mark every act of indecorum, and therefore everything is to be conducted with decency and order in the presence of the angelic spirits.”~~3 -

Why did women in American (US and Canada) stop covering their heads in worship?

One word: feminism. In 1968 in Annual Meeting of the National Organization of Women (the minutes are still online if you want the link) NOW states

WHEREAS, the wearing of a head covering by women at religious services is a custom in many churches and whereas it is a symbol of subjection within these churches, NOW recommends that all chapters undertake an effort to have all women participate in a "national unveiling" by sending their head coverings to the task force chairman immediately. At the Spring meeting of the Task force on Women in Religion, these veils will then publicly be burned to protest the second class status of women in all churches."

In 1969, NOW organized the “Easter Bonnet Rebellion” at St. John de Nepomuc Catholic Church in Milwaukee.

In 1976, “His Holiness Pope Paul VI, during the audience granted to the undersigned Prefect of the Sacred Congregation on 15 October 1976, approved this Declaration, confirmed it and ordered its publication.”

“But it must be noted that these ordinances, probably inspired by the customs of the period, concern scarcely more than disciplinary practices of minor importance, such as the obligation imposed upon women to wear a veil on their head (1 Cor 11:2-16); such requirements no longer have a normative value”

It is clear that the driving force behind American (US and Canada) women "throwing the cover into the fire" was feminism.

What about writers today?

Michael Barrett in "The Beauty of Holiness" (appendix #3) asks: whose glory should be display in worship? (Obvious answer: God's)

Man has a duty to cover his head because he is the image and glory of God. While woman is also the image of God, she is the glory of man and therefore (since man's glory ought to be covered) the woman should be symbolically covered.

Paul C. Edgerton in “Because of the Angels” writes:
No one ought to stand in the worship of the Lord on their own terms or for their own glory. When a man stands before God he is God’s image and glory. To cover his head would be to dim and glory of Christ, who reveals the glory and fatherhood of God.
When a woman stands before God she is to, as well, bring glory to God; thus she must cover that which pertains to her own glory and the glory of man, her hair. No one is being demoted by the practice of uncovering or covering the head. Rather, all is done to honor God. No personal preference or right or glory ought to usurp the Lordship of Christ in the sacred assembly. All must be done to the glory of God alone. (Edgerton, 2107)

R.C. Sproul~~If Paul merely told women in Corinth to cover their heads and gave no rationale for such instruction, we would be strongly inclined to supply it via our cultural knowledge. In this case, however, Paul provides a rationale that is based on an appeal to creation, not to the custom of Corinthian harlots. We must be careful not to let our zeal for knowledge of the culture obscure what is actually said. To subordinate Paul’s stated reason to our speculatively conceived reason is to slander the apostle and turn exegesis into eisegesis.

Now let me ask a few questions:

Has there been a time when you have dug deep into Scripture and have had to make an “about face” – especially when you started with no intention of going that way?

what emotions do you think might pop up if you end up convinced from Scripture that the head coverings instruction is for today?

Bruce Shelly wrote, “But any introduction to Christian history tends to separate the transient from the permanent, fads from basics.” Is it possible for great men of God to have gotten this wrong for over 1,900 years?

Which of us believes our glory can compare to the glory of God?

Dare we allow our own glory to compete with the glory of God in worship?

If the symbol of veiling the glory of woman (a head cover) is based in creation and not culture, can we change the symbol without changing the meaning of the symbol?

Does learning that the feminist movement directly attacked the Christian practice of head covering affect your perspective?

In closing: R.C.Sproul:

"If Paul merely told women in Corinth to cover their heads and gave no rationale for such instruction, we would be strongly inclined to supply it via our cultural knowledge. In this case, however, Paul provides a rationale that is based on an appeal to creation, not to the custom of Corinthian harlots. We must be careful not to let our zeal for knowledge of the culture obscure what is actually said. To subordinate Paul’s stated reason to our speculatively conceived reason is to slander the apostle and turn exegesis into eisegesis."

My main sources:

"The Beauty of Holiness" by Micheal Barrett https://www.amazon.com/Beauty-Holiness-Guide-Biblical-Worship/dp/1932307621/ref=sr_1_1?crid=70HJXB9GT69N&keywords=the+beauty+of+holiness+michael+barrett&qid=1705253986&sprefix=the+beauty+of+holiness+michael+barret%2Caps%2C145&sr=8-1

"Because of the Angels" by Paul C. Edgerton https://www.amazon.com/Because-Angels-Corinthians-Coverings-Worship/dp/1974315835

"Head Covering: A Forgotten Christian Practice for Modern Times" by Jeremy Gardiner https://www.amazon.com/Head-Covering-Forgotten-Christian-Practice-ebook/dp/B01MTNCVYS/ref=sr_1_1?crid=2ORJV268I8V75&keywords=jeremy+gardiner&qid=1705333319&s=books&sprefix=jeremy+gardiner%2Cstripbooks%2C147&sr=1-1

**Important, since most of my GoodReads friends are Christians - the book includes no sex scenes (in one place there are two people talking about having sex, but nothing graphic)

Project Hail Mary

This science fiction book was a nice, quick read.  Nothing too complicated and included plenty of humor.
Andy Weir has written several books, including "The Martian" - I haven't read any of his other books (but they're now on my list.

 The following section is the book description from Amazon:

Ryland Grace is the sole survivor on a desperate, last-chance mission—and if he fails, humanity and the earth itself will perish.

Except that right now, he doesn’t know that. He can’t even remember his own name, let alone the nature of his assignment or how to complete it.

All he knows is that he’s been asleep for a very, very long time. And he’s just been awakened to find himself millions of miles from home, with nothing but two corpses for company.

His crewmates dead, his memories fuzzily returning, Ryland realizes that an impossible task now confronts him. Hurtling through space on this tiny ship, it’s up to him to puzzle out an impossible scientific mystery—and conquer an extinction-level threat to our species.

And with the clock ticking down and the nearest human being light-years away, he’s got to do it all alone.

Or does he?

An irresistible interstellar adventure as only Andy Weir could deliver, Project Hail Mary is a tale of discovery, speculation, and survival to rival The Martian—while taking us to places it never dreamed of going.

 I really enjoyed this book, it was in a rotation between a couple of books that made me have to think, so it was a nice break.

It didn't feel like a typical "save the world" novel, and included a couple of twists that made the book more interesting.

If science fiction is a thing for you, go ahead and read this book.

Michael Barrett...Head Coverings...1 Corinthians #35 (1/20/1991) - this sermon (Sunday school class) starts the series with Barrett answering questions that the congregation has handed in. One that stuck out at me was "when do we start our children covering and uncovering). The answer was (paraphrased) - as early as we start teaching them how we should be worshiping God.

Michael Barrett...Head Coverings...1 Corinthians #36 (1/27/1991)

Barrett, Michael...Head Coverings #1 (2/5/1996) .

Barrett, Michael...Head coverings 2,3 (3/3/1996)..

Barrett, Michael...Head Coverings #4 (3/10/1996)

Michael Barrett...Head Coverings for Public Worship: Custom or Command? - (2/9/2014)

These are all books, sermons and shopping sites that I found helpful while figuring this all out.

The Very Best Starting Place


  • Head Covering: A Forgotten Christian Practice for Modern Times
    • This is the first book you should read; it goes through the Scripture line by line, but misses an important piece (I think)
  • Because of the Angels: First Corinthians Eleven and Head Coverings in Divine Worship
    • The first book caught my brain, the second caught my heart. A note of caution, the author is Episcopal and that shows, but what he writes is good.


  • Garlands of Grace
    • Far and away the best (so far) - one caution, if you're shopping by color, the website isn't all that accurate and the colors tend to be richer than shown, so if you're looking for brighter colors, it could be an issue.
  • Headbands of Hope
    • for wide headbands, these are very wide (like 18"). I cut them in half and they still covered what I wanted covered.


  • Michael Barrett has a number of sermons that made an impact (I'm looking for a specific one and can't find it right now)

Head coverings? Really? That is so 1900's. Or 1700's, or maybe 100's. How did I get here?

My husband, Phil, and I attend a small group Bible study and we’ve been working through 1 Corinthians.  The men take turns leading and we thought head coverings would be a quick study with some invigorating conversations. Phil took that chapter to lead.

The process begins

I had read through 1 Corinthians 11:2-16, on my own as well as in a women’s group but this time it caught my attention.   There are books! The process of listening to sermons, reading websites, getting another book...or three began.  There are tangents and then the tangents found tangents.  Since I process better when I write, I began to type my notes and add the questions I asked myself.

About a week into all this I decided to wear a hat to church for the purpose of a head covering.  The next week I wore a wide headband with my hair in a bun. If it’s in the Bible, I have a duty to obey.  Phil told me that since I would be affected more than he would, he would stand back and let the study take its course and he would honor whatever conviction I came to.

Facebook started showing me memes that pointed me straight at Scripture and I was reminded of my own thoughts on Sola Scriptura.

What are we afraid of?

I shifted "if this is a command I have to do it" to "this is a symbol of my joyful submission to God's created order"

Moving from wide head bands to a more traditional cover, I discovered "Garlands of Grace"

The study of this passage took a couple of months, so I did due diligence. It's been a process for sure, and it's brought joy and frustration and tears of joy "because of the angels"

“Suppose one of you has a friend, and goes to him at midnight and says to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves, because a friend of mine has come to me from a journey and I have nothing to serve him’  and from inside he answers and says, ‘Do not bother me; the door has already been shut and my children and I are in bed; I cannot get up and give you anything.’ I tell you, even if he will not get up and give him anything just because he is his friend, yet because of his shamelessness (importunity) he will get up and give him as much as he needs.

Luke 11:5-8

The four aspects of this parable (used by Jesus as an example of persevering prayer)

1 - your relationship to the one you're going(praying) to - friend

You are My friends if you do what I command you. No longer do I call you slaves, for the slave does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, because all things that I have heard from My Father I have made known to you. - John 15: 14-15

(yes, I know that we don't pray to Jesus, but to the Father...but if this parable means what it seems to say, the person we pray to is..."Friend")

2 - The difficult timing - midnight, that is when help is least to be found

3 - The nature of the request(prayer) - in this example, we are to order/prioritize our requests according to our greatest and immediate needs.

4 - The occasion of the request

What is Importunity?

im·por·tu·ni·ty/ˌimpôrˈt(y)o͞onədē/nounnoun: importunity; plural noun: importunities

  1. persistence, especially to the point of annoyance."you urged me on with untiring importunity"

Basically, we're supposed to be holy nags.

GotQuestions adds "urgent" - as in "urgent persistence."

Proverbs 6:3 says

Do this now, my son, and deliver thyself,
Seeing thou art come into the hand of thy neighbor:
Go, humble thyself, and importune thy neighbor;

It seems that importunity (urgent persistence) goes hand in hand with humility.

It's in the urgent times of great need that we come to the point where we are face to face with the reality that we cannot help ourselves.

We are in the hands of God.

After listening to an interview with Andrew Torba (Gab) I've decided to do a series on Free Speech platforms.

Check out "Freedom Forum Institute"

The First Amendment protects individuals from government censorship. Social media platforms are private companies, and can censor what people post on their websites as they see fit. But given their growing role in public discourse, it’s important to ask ourselves–what exactly are their censorship policies? How do they compare to each other, and to the First Amendment’s protections?


What is Gab?