From Toward An Egalitarian Ecclesia at Theology for the Masses (writing of 1 Timothy 2:12):
Interestingly enough, the history of translations of this passage is that the dominant translation of this word before WWII had to do with the violent treatment of men in the congregation – ‘usurping authority’ in the KJV is among the least obvious of these and even it has remnants of the idea.
The notion that "authority" was not seen in the the passage until WWII is wrong - especially reading the study notes and commentaries.
There weren't all that many translations:
|Translation||Year||1 Timothy 2:12|
|Wycliffe Bible||1395||But I suffer not a woman to teach, neither to have lordship on the husband [neither for to have lordship on the man], but to be in silence.|
|Tyndale's||1536||I suffre not a woman to teache nether to have auctoricie over a man: but forto be in silence. But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to use authority over the man: but to be in silence.|
|Geneva Bible||1560||But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.|
|Douay-Rheims 1899 American Edition||1899||But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to use authority over the man: but to be in silence.|
Interestingly, the study notes say:
2:12 But I suffer not a woman to teach,8 nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.
2:13 For Adam was first formed,9 then Eve.
(8) The first argument, why it is not lawful for women to teach in the congregation, because by this means they would be placed above men, for they would be their masters: and this is against God’s ordinance.
(9) He proves this ordinance of God, by which the woman is subject to man, first because God made the woman after man, for man’s sake.
Which (for me, anyway) shoots a hole in the argument that "creation order" is a new teaching, invented by Grudem.
From looking at older versions that are available online, authority, lordship, usurp...
Jamieson, Faussett, and Brown (1871)
vv 11-13 She might teach, but not in public (Acts 18:26). Paul probably wrote this Epistle from Corinth, where the precept (1 Cor. 14:34) was in force.
12. usurp authority--"to lord it over the man" [ALFORD], literally, "to be an autocrat."
13. For--reason of the precept; the original order of creation. Adam . . . first--before Eve, who was created for him
(Again, 1871 was well before Grudem began teaching.)
Matthew Henry (1708-10 and he died in 1712 - before Grudem was teaching.
Women must learn the principles of their religion, learn Christ, learn the scriptures; they must not think that their
sex excuses them from that learning which is necessary to salvation. They must be silent, submissive, and subject, and
not usurp authority. The reason given is because Adam was first formed, then Eve out of him, to denote her subordination
to him and dependence upon him; and that she was made for him, to be a help-mate for him. And as she was last in the
creation, which is one reason for her subjection, so she was first in the transgression, and that is another reason.
(Emphasis mine. Egalitarian claims that creation order is a new teaching are false.)
A woman was forbidden to teach or to exercise authority over men; she was to abide in quietness and silence.
The reason given for this is remarkable, and shews how, in our relations with God, everything depends on the
All of this to say:
- The idea of authority being the thought carried by 1 Tim. 2:12 was pre-WWII
- Creation order teaching is not new.